5 months ago
There are a lot of gadgets available in the...
9 months ago
Building a home is one of the most significant...
10 months ago
There is that joy that comes by owning your...
5 months ago
There are a lot of gadgets available in the...
9 months ago
Building a home is one of the most significant...
10 months ago
There is that joy that comes by owning your...
3 months ago
Looking for architects in Sydney can be quite overwhelming. Also there is a common misconception that you only hire...
5 months ago
There are a lot of gadgets available in the market which can allow homeowners to upgrade their home on...
Working on roofs can be risky business. If you are not financially positioned to hire a professional roofing in Marietta, GA or if you just prefer doing your own roofing services, please practice these basic roofing safety tips.
Both extreme heat and extreme cold can create serious health hazards. Dress according to the temperature. On hot days, plan your work hours to coincide with the cooler or shady times of day. On cold days, strive to catch the sunrays.
Wet roofs are slick. Get in the habit of avoiding wet roofs. When possible use a bucket truck for shingle transport. Practice utilizing safety-climbing gear, roofing jacks, and ladder jacks.
When considering roof related risks to skin, the talk often involves sunburn or scrapes and cuts. These are the common risk, but exist also the long-term risks of possible skin cancer. Use sunscreen. Wear clothing that helps reduce windburn. A hat protects the head. Safety sunglasses protect the eyes.
The risk of falling from a roof or a ladder can be greatly compounded by an unexpected encounter with a nest of wasps. Yellow jackets, once disturbed, can inflict multiple painful stings and will chase the nest offender as far as 200 to 300 yards. Never begin work without surveying the area for signs of hives and nests. If any nest is present, take preventive measure before attempting to work on the roof.
Survey the work area. Test for any weak sections of sheathing. When forced to walk upon a rotted roof, utilize planks and the existing rafters. Work from a bucket truck if that is at all possible.
Improperly insulated electrical wires can be deadly to a roofer. Even wires that appear to be correctly shielded can present a serious chance of electrocution. Do not work near electrical wires without installing the proper insulator blankets before the job begins.
Accidents happen. Every roofer has experienced his or her share of minor cuts, smashes, and pinches. Some have even endured severed fingers. Take care of your tools. Perform routine inspections of your equipment. Always wear safety glasses.
Set power nail guns and Air Nailers require additional attention to details. Work away from yourself and others. Always wear safety glasses. Avoid awkward positions during the setting process. Keep watch for flying debris.
This material is sharp and quick to cut the careless roofer. Wear gloves. Fold any cut edges to reduce the risk of skin lacerations. Wear eye protection at all times.
These tips are designed to help the do-it-yourself roofer work in safety.
While cleaning out your roof gutters did you notice a large amount of granules in them? If so, you may have a potential roofing problem in the making.
As asphalt shingles wear they tend to shed the granules that make up their top layer and thus become more prone to leaks.
Thankfully asphalt shingles are one of the easier types of roofing materials to repair. What follows is basic information on how to repair asphalt shingled roofs.
A Word about the Weather
Asphalt shingle work is best done on a fairly warm day only because the heat makes the asphalt shingles more pliable.
Asphalt shingle repair instructions
As you are up on the roof look for any curled, worn, loose, misaligned, missing or otherwise damaged asphalt shingles.
Use roofing cement and nails to flatten, secure and realign any shingles that are in need of attention.
In the case of a curled asphalt shingle you may need to apply firm pressure or use a weight to hold the shingle down until the roofing cement has a chance to properly take hold.
If during the course of your roof investigation you discover missing and severely damaged shingles you will need to replace them with either a new asphalt shingle or a piece of metal flashing.
Asphalt Shingle Replacement Instructions
Replacing an asphalt shingle is a fairly easy task. Begin by taking out your flat shovel and slipping it under the asphalt shingle that needs replacing.
Next pull up on the shovel thus loosing the nails that are holding the asphalt shingle into place.
Once the nails have been loosed, pull them completely out of the shingle using your pliers.
Measure and cut the amount of shingle needed for the replacement. Slide the new piece of asphalt shingle up under the shingle located directly above the space left vacant by the damaged shingle.
Make sure you align the asphalt shingle properly so that it is in perfect harmony with the other asphalt shingles.
Afterward, drive new galvanized nails through the holes left by the nails that you removed previously.
If you are unable to reuse the old nail holes, make sure that you seal them completely with roofing cement before making new nail holes.
Once the asphalt shingle has been nailed into place, take out your putty knife and roofing cement. Use the putty knife to apply roofing cement to the nail heads and any loose parts of the shingle.
Proceed by applying pressure to the cemented areas to help the cement to take hold.
Instructions for Using Flashing Patches
In some instances you may want to use a piece of roofing flashing to help support a damaged asphalt shingle. If this is the case, follow the steps above but substituting the asphalt shingle with the metal flashing.
This article is not meant to be a replacement for the assistance of a professional. In fact, this article was a collective effort submitted by a roofer.
Therefore, those homeowners that are afraid of heights, or have questions and concerns, should consult with a local, licensed roofer. You can check this website The Roof Clinic if in case you need one, don’t be afraid to ask for assistance.
Anyone attempting the above roof repair does so at one’s own risk. No warranties or guarantees of a successful asphalt shingled roof repair are expressed or implied herein.
A garage door is designed to last for decades, so it makes sense to take time and effort to make the best choices. Getting it right from the start is not negotiable because it contributes to peace and safety in your home. Here are some valuable tips to guide you through a garage door installation.
It might be a bad idea to seek a quote and materialize it on the phone or online. Every garage is unique and requires the salesperson to inspect in person the size and the shape of your garage door before finalizing the payments for the product and installation fees. Getting a quote in-person allows you to negotiate for the price for you to get the best deals. You can compare and contrast prices before making the right purchase decisions.
Wood doors can be fantastic when they are new, but wait until they are a few years old, you can’t believe it’s worth the price you bought. They can be deceiving in the eyes, so straight away go for steel or aluminum, or risk the costly maintenance fee associated with wooden garage doors. The garage doors will be exposed to weather elements throughout hence wear and tear rapidly.
If you plan to insulate your home to prevent loss or heat gain to save your energy bills, it is worth investing in upgrading your insulation. Adding insulation to your garage doors will save you heating costs, which sometimes come in substantial electric bills, and this is designed to last for a lifetime.
These springs help your garage door go up with less effort and drop down slowly. It is common to find torsion springs in most garage doors. The coiled torsion springs are visible above the garage door. Standard torsion spring rates ten thousand cycles, but you can get double this by paying a little extra for twenty thousand cycles that will last nearly a decade.
If you DIY your garage door, you can save a few bucks, but it can prove to be costly later on. First, you will take a whole day or two to put up the garage door while a professional only takes a few hours to make it up. You might DIY but lack some crucial tools to fix parts of a garage door correctly. Plus, winding up the springs requires special tools and superb strength, and it can be hazardous for non-specialists. Hiring a specialist is better off than DIY; you will have somebody to call if something isn’t working as it should.
While shopping for garage doors, it is advisable to go through available options on the vendor’s website before deciding what best fits your home. You may choose particular styles to suit your home décor and ask for customization to fit your unique requirements.
A garage might look magnificent with the right windows and with suitable styling. And beyond the looks, windows serve to supply lighting to the interior. If your garage uses heating, upgrade your insulation, and match the glass styles with the rest of your home.
Retaining wall blocks are rigid walls built to support soil laterally at different levels. Both sides of block walls restrain soil from sloping in a manner that it could not slope naturally. The following are steps one should follow when constructing a retaining wall.
Use a shovel to mark on the ground where to erect your retaining wall. After marking with a shovel, drive wooden stakes into the ground at each end and keep the distance between each stake at eight inches. Add more wooden stakes if the distance spans more. Tie a string onto the stakes to the desired heights.
Excavate the entire area approximately eight inches in depth and spread gravel evenly into the trench. Either use a power tamper or hand to compact the gravel in place. Check for the level using the carpenter’s level and add gravel as necessary until the level line is achieved.
Starting from one end, lay blocks as you check alignment, adjusting where necessary with a mallet. Fill the concrete cores with crushed gravel as necessary.
Behind the blocks, run the drainage pipe to the place where water can exit and slip the drainage sleeve to prevent clogging.
Clean the remaining debris on top using the broom and start stacking the next course. Do the same the rest of the courses until you reach the desired height, in line with the rope tied initially.
At the last course, lay the capstones on top and secure them with the concrete adhesive and a caulking gun to press it in place. Do it on each block and allow it to dry according to the manufacturer’s direction.
Begin by stacking the steps but first, determine the rise and mark with marking paint dedicated to landscaping. Prepare the foundry and tamp to make it compact for the next step. You can rent some light machinery to assist in moving the earth and heavy objects as required.
Build the retaining with wall stones around the steps and place the stones as close as possible. Make sure the first course is a level up before beginning on the following course. You may use the hammer and the chisel to shape stones that need reshaping or removing protruding parts of the stone.
Start backfilling the places around the stones to secure them in place. Use gravel to backfill spaces within the 6-inch distance from the stones. Add a layer of mulch after the area has been backfilled with gravel and dirt.
Create a flagstone landing on top of the retaining wall, and before that, make sure the grill area is flat. Flagstones require a flat panel to prevent them from breaking up. You are free to place the flagstone at random or pattern. Finally, place plant boxes on top of the retaining wall. Prepare steps where necessary, and create plant boxes around. It will ensure your retaining walls provide home décor with plants like hosta, hydrangea, ferns, and more. The stone retaining wall should appear slanting to provide a more usable surface and make your compound attractive.
Looking for architects in Sydney can be quite overwhelming. Also there is a common misconception that you only hire architects when planning grand estates or high profile homes. However working with an architect can allow people to get the most out of their customized homes. Even if your simply planning a renovation of your home, hiring an architect in Sydney would be a good idea.
The following are few ways in which you can find an architect:
When you have a few architects in mind you need to take a look at some of the past projects. You can easily make a whole list of architects by simply asking around or through word of mouth. If you know somebody in the neighborhood who have recently hired an architect you can ask them for a referral. In fact you can also get online and look for architect within your area. Do not forget to take a look at the portfolio. Many architects have pictures of the previous projects listed on the website. If there are certain projects which appeal to you, you can line up two or three of those architects for further interviews.
In order to ensure that it is a successful partnership you have to consider your architect as your future partner in helping you build your home. With this mind set you can overcome a great many obstacles. It is wise to talk about your budget in your timeline. This is a good time to show them pictures of the styles that you like. It is important to establish good communication with your architect in order to create the right kind of work dynamic.
When speaking to your architect you must talk to them about the fee structure. Get to know whether they are charging in hourly rate or a fixed fee which is established from the outset. Some might change your percentage based upon 8 to 20% of a construction cost. Architect would be able to provide you with the following services:
Sometimes hiring in architect actually helps save money in the long run. This is because an architect carefully plans all the important specifications in the building process so that there is little room for error. Also the professional experience allows them to construct homes which are meant to last. The Quinlan Group are architects who can help you with your project. Make sure you hire a residential architect to design or renovate your home.
There are building structures in every part of the globe that humans happen to dwell on. Some of these buildings have complex systems for drainage, water piping, and sewage systems. It is the work of a plumber, a person who has skills required in installing and maintaining these systems, deciding on how to fit these systems in place, and in the most professional way.
The following are some of the critical features that you should look for when hiring a plumber to do services in your building structures:
They should be experienced – This is an outstanding quality to look for in a plumber. Experience comes as a result of years of training and other practices related to plumbing. A plumber should undergo training by a recognised institution.
Better communication skills – Communication is the crucial factor in meeting with clients, and it will portray the first impression to the clients. Therefore, an excellent plumber should have the ability to interact with people effectively and express their views in the most precise way.
They should be certified – Any plumber in Australia must be licensed to allow them to conduct their operations within the country. Certification ensures that highly productive plumbers are given the chance to perform their duties to their clients, including the government.
They should be time-conscious – An excellent plumber should strictly adhere to time and schedule. It helps ensure that the clients place their loyalty to these individuals, and even help them by referring them to other clients in need of the same services.
Excellent problem-solving skills – A good plumber should be quick to provide the most suitable solution to a specific problem. For example, a building may be such complicated, and fitting pipes around might prove to be a challenge. It is the plumber’s work to analyse the problem and decide on the best course to take that will not interfere with other amenities within the building.
Should be concerned with general safety – They should always keep in mind of safety precautions and should not be involved in practices that could lead to accidents of any kind. The safety of people is very paramount and should be placed as a priority.
The following are some of the best examples of fundamental skills that plumbers need to master:
Cleaning sewer lines – sewerage systems are integrated into most buildings. These lines sometimes clog and become challenging to use them. It is the work of a plumber to clear these systems and ensure the smooth flow of the substances.
The installation of pipes is the most common means of transport for water, gas, and other fluid substances around a building. A plumber must know how to fix them in places that could not lead to any kind of accident.
Welding – Plumbers can also be required to join some pieces of metal together through welding. They should always carry their protective overalls with them to prevent accidents to themselves.
In conclusion, plumbers are significant individuals in society, without which the world will be in chaos. When looking for a plumber, ensure that you check the above qualities to ensure they are professional and meet your requirements. There are many of them, and one needs to be careful when hiring them. Gold Coast is known for its well-trained plumbers that conduct their work in the most professional ways.
There are a lot of gadgets available in the market which can allow homeowners to upgrade their home on a budget. Smart home owners know the importance of having security cameras installed in their homes and their surroundings. Initially the surveillance cameras were only used by business owners or by agencies which always had an issue with theft or vandalism. However in the past decade things have changed a great deal. These days more people are demanding high technology home security cameras which are more powerful yet affordable at the same time.
Since these cameras are easy to install and easily available as well anyone can take advantages of the benefits of surveillance cameras installed in homes.
The following are the benefits of home surveillance camera and also what you should keep in mind when purchasing one for your home.
Security cameras can help reduce incidents of crime
If all the homes in a neighborhood have a CCTV camera installed in the vicinity it can greatly deter the crime rate. In a study carried out in 2013 it was observed that burglars normally chose to steer clear of homes which had a security camera placed inside. Any neighborhood which had home security systems installed in them deterred the burglar from making a move. Even the most simplest of surveillance cameras can help reduce criminal activity in your home.
You can rest assured that your surroundings are safe
Imagine not having to worry about what the children are up to when you are not home. Not only would you be able to track their coming and going you would also be able to see who enters your home when you are not around. Most of these cameras can connect directly with your phones with the built-in app. You can check out what is going on by simply logging in. This peace of mind is quite precious if you tend to be away from your home for great deal.
In fact if your children have their own smart phones they would be able to know who is at the door before they go out open it. This way you can also be at peace about the safety and security of the children. Parents can also communicate with their kids even while they are away with the help of a smartphone camera system. When it comes to security cameras for home, the possibilities are endless. Make sure you speak to a reliable security camera service to know how you can make your home safe for your loved ones.
You get immediate notifications when the camera detects a threat
When you connect the security camera directly to the app in your phone you can get customized push notifications if the camera has detected an unknown motion or a security threat. You even get alerts when you receive your important parcels. You also have an option of playback features by which you can access footage for a certain time period.
Can you install CCTV cameras anywhere? Yes you can, but choose the best spot where the camera will have maximum visibility. With so many benefits with security cameras have to offer make sure you talk to a surveillance camera supplier today.
You may have heard that people sound proof their homes. Have you ever wondered why they do so? These days any newly constructed buildings are designed with the latest sound proofing techniques. There are several reasons why you should also consider soundproofing your home. Look at the following to understand the benefits of sound proofing your home:
This privacy is one of the number one thing which homeowners look for when they are moving into a new neighborhood. Sound proofing your home would prevent your voices to be carried across to other homes in the vicinity. You don’t have to worry about other people listening to your private conversations.
If you are someone who values privacy you should definitely consider soundproofing your home. Soundproofing prevents airborne noises and enhance your privacy. It also helps you carry out your daily activities without having to disturb the other family members in your home.
Too much noise is not just bad for the environment but it is actually bad for the human body as well. A number of diseases such as high blood pressure, stroke or any other heart disease has been connected to prolonged exposure to loud noise or sound.
Soundproofing your homework provides you with the necessary peace and quiet which is essential for your health.
A home which is soundproof would enhance the quality of your life. You can sleep well in a room which is quiet. Anyone who has had a good night sleep would definitely wake up fresh and active in the morning. In the long run it would help get rid of a myriad of health diseases and also enhance productivity. Also individuals when they are constantly exposed to loud noises lose their ability to learn and work efficiently. Make sure you provide your children with the peaceful and quiet atmosphere where they can learn productively.
If you want to enjoy a ball game but you are worried about the kids sleeping next door, soundproofing would help take care of the problem. Not only do you get to enjoy your game but also don’t have to worry about the loud noise disturbing others in your home.
Gone are the days when people wouldn’t have to worry about loud noises disturbing others in the neighborhood? These days there are several regulations for homeowners. Not being able to keep up with these regulations could land you into trouble. Make sure that your home is soundproof so that you do not face any legal issues.
If you are about to construct your new home you should definitely consider using materials which would help reduce the noise emissions. Make sure that you talk to a sound proofing expert in Melbourne today to get a low down on all the materials you can use to make your home completely sound proof.
Making your garden and home look more well-managed has always been the aim of most homeowners in Australia and generally across the globe. An attractive compound is one way you make your home value increase even when you are not selling it.
Besides trimming and pruning the trees in your compound and mowing your lawn, there is another great aspect that can even make your home attractive. This is what we call as pergolas. Building pergolas have been the secret that most advanced homeowners have been using to make their homes look better.
Typically, a pergola is built to give the family and home dwellers a shade in those hot afternoons when everyone’s looking for a cool breeze. It is a great place to relax with your family when grilling or just having your juice or cup of coffee in the evening. It closely resembles a patio and decks that are in most homes only that it is a stand-alone.
Now how do you build pergolas? What makes a good pergola? Well, most homeowners usually have a whole lot of questions when it comes to pergolas. Of course, you cannot blame them, because they are looking to have the best of these structures in their compounds. In this article, therefore, we are going to take you through some of the frequently asked questions about pergolas. So let’s jump in and get started.
Well, a pergola is defined as a structure that is built with posts and some rafters that give the homeowner some shade while in their patio on the garden walkways. Mostly, pergola runs from the garden to the house mainly running above the walkways. That means even when it is raining, you will be safe from rain. Consequently, it gives you the shade you need from hot sun rays.
Certainly yes. This could be the reason why most homeowners who want to sell their homes, usually build these structures in their compound. You may have noticed that outdoor living is increasingly becoming the norm in Australia, especially during summer. And who does not want to enjoy the fresh air while grilling or chatting with their friends? Because of this outdoor lifestyle, homes that have a pergola are ranked higher and of greater value.
Well besides increasing the value of your house and home and providing the shade you want from sun and rain, a pergola will act as your entertainment area. Yes, you had that right. Sometimes you want to watch your game or play your PS in an open area. And this is where pergolas get their importance. You can install screens on the roof and polls and start your entertainment.
Well, we cannot specifically name a price tag because this will depend on the type and design of the pergola you want. Besides, it depends on the size of the pergola you are looking for. If you want to use very expensive materials, a 10×10 structure may end up costing you up to $5,000. On the lower end, you may end up spending up to $3,000. Nevertheless, you can decide to do it yourself, which will significantly reduce your cost.
Thinking about hiring painting services in Brisbane? While it’s a good idea to get your home renovated for the approaching spring or summer, choosing a painter is something which should not be done in s lip shod manner. In fact one should give it some careful thought and then make a decision. Since painting can be an expensive home improvement, you should find a contractor who does quality work.
The following are a few tips which can help you make the right decision:
One of the most crucial factors when its time to hire a painting contractor is the budget which you can spare. It should be kept in mind that some painters would always charge more than others. This is because they are charging for the quality of products they use, their experience and their work. However, just because you can’t afford the most expensive painter doesn’t mean you have to settle for just about anyone. There are good painters who work at a nominal fee. It’s all about finding someone who would provide you with the right services and one who falls within your budget.
Besides asking friends and family for referrals, you can even check out various other resources to help you find painting services in Brisbane. Check out in the local search pages or you can even refer to online directories. Once you have a few names, do wrote these names down. Follow up on each of these people and have a detailed talk regarding the paint job that you have in mind. Some contractor allow people to fill an online from which consists of details regarding the dimensions of the room. This would allow them to get an idea of how much they would have to pay for specific services.
Once you find someone who you think you could afford, it’s time to go for a meeting with them. During the meeting you should ask them the right kind of questions. Some sample questions you could ask them:
Asking these questions would help you arrive at the right decision. Once you hire someone for the job, do take a look at the contract. Make sure that it hold all the key information regarding the contractor. Their name address and phone number so you can contact them when you want to.
Keeping the above mentioned things in mind would help you arrive at the right decision of choosing the best painting services in Brisbane.
Secondary and separate living space in WA becomes possible by building granny flats, WA on the properties. A granny flat has the potential to quickly pay off the mortgage and increase the return of investment by renting it out.
The granny flat designs of yesterday have evolved into a fashionable small home today. All the comfort and amenities of a home are also with granny flats. If you want to build a granny flat, here are some of the advantages that you will get:
Renting out a granny flat ensure additional income for any homeowner in WA. It has been found that over 20% ROI is provided by a granny flat, making it one of the best investment options for any homeowner.
Banks in Australia today have not only increased rates of interest but have also applied stricter lending policies. This makes home loans harder for Australians to maintain.
Mortgage repayments can be helped with the extra income brought in by renting out a granny flat on the property. Granny flats are not too expensive to invest in and renters are usually attracted by their trendy designs.
The attractiveness of granny flats ensures a steady flow of renters, thereby gaining financial freedom by easing the financial burden of an existing mortgage.
The granny flat provides the best place to extend your family. It can be used to house your in-laws or grown children that want to have their own space. Keeping the family close to your side without compromising living comfort and convenience is provided by a granny flat.
Housing aging parents in a granny flat is the best way to keep them close while providing them the respect and privacy they need. Grandchildren get a chance to bond with their grandparents when they live nearby.
A granny flat enables families to stay together, yet, allows much-needed independence as well.
The value of your property is instantly boosted by the addition of a granny flat. The property’s value is immediately enhanced even when the sole purpose of the granny flat is to provide separate living quarters for your teenagers.
Asking your local real estate agent is one way to find out the boosted value a granny flat added to your property.
The land tax advantage is also provided by having a granny flat constructed on your property. This means that additional tax depreciation happens to the structure when you rent it out. Making a tax depreciation claim even with a newly-built granny flat is the best way to offset the tax payments you are required to pay annually.
A single-income household can place a heavy financial burden on the sole breadwinner. Investing in a granny flat and renting it out eases the financial burden of the sole breadwinner of a household.
Decades of financial benefits and advantages are provided to homeowners smart enough to invest in a granny flat. Renters also gain a host of benefits opting to live in granny flats. Not only is the rent rate affordable, but they also get the chance to stay in safe and better neighbourhoods they couldn’t otherwise afford.
Building a home is one of the most significant investments that people on the Gold Coast make after making savings for several years. The kind of the home that you build will be determined by the type of home builders that you will hire. There are those builders that can build you a home that you want, but there are others who will not have that capability. You must be keen when you are hiring a home builder. Always make sure that you have some qualities in mind that you should check when you are hiring any home builder. The main aim is getting a home builder who will build you a home of your dream and not one who will build a home to get money. The following are the qualities of the best home builders in the Gold Coast.
One of the essential factors that you should look for when you are hiring a home builder is the qualification level of the home builders. Most of the people think that for you to become a home builder, you do not have to go to school. On the contrary, you will be required to go to school so that you can be trained. A home builder who has been trained has the qualifications for offering the kind of services that people require. This is why you will need to get a home builder who is qualified.
Apart from being qualified, the home builder that you should get must be experienced. The length of time will determine the level of experience of the home builders that the builders have been working as a home builder. The level of expertise of the home builders will determine the quality of services that the home builders will offer. There are those home builders who will provide quality services while others will not. The level of experience determines all this that they have.
The other thing that will be determined by the level of experience of the home builder is the type of houses they can build. Homes are of different designs, styles and sizes. The way an experienced home builder can handle the projects that you entrust them with is quite different from the way that an inexperienced home builder handles it. A home builder who is experienced can build homes of different styles, designs and sizes. This is the type of home builder that you should hire in the Gold Coast.
Communication is essential when you are hiring a home builder. You will also be required to communicate with the home builder that you hire. For this reason, you must ensure that when you are hiring a home builder, you check whether they can communicate well with their clients.
The other qualities that you need to look for in a home builder are understanding and trust. The best home builder must be able to listen to you and also understand you whenever you are talking to the builder. They should also be people that you can trust. For instance, you will need to give the home builder money to buy materials. They should be trusted for buying the right materials and also at the right price. They should not tell you that they were overcharged to keep the money to themselves. The home builders should too be trusted with the views that they give you as you talk. Gold Coast’s award winning home builders are definitely understanding and trustworthy.